Will artificial intelligence reach the human level one day?

Will artificial intelligence reach the human level one day?

                                                                                            ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE    

 

Artificial Intelligence, which is the behavior and characteristics of computer programs that make them mimic human mental abilities and patterns of work. One of the most important of these characteristics is the ability to learn, infer and react to situations not programmed into the machine. However, this term is controversial because there is no definitive definition of intelligence.

 

It is one of the types of modern science that has spread widely in recent times, so that it has entered many industrial and research fields, especially robotics and smart services for governments and companies

 

 

artificial intelligence capabilities

AI acquires information through practical practices and is able to distinguish between multiple issues accurately.

One of the most important capabilities of artificial intelligence is its response to variables, and its flexibility and speed of reaction in all situations.

Artificial intelligence has the ability to perceive, and thus make decisions properly, depending on the study of all possibilities and mastering their results, and then choosing the best decisions that lead to the desired results.

Be able to quickly detect and correct errors, and make better improvements in the future.

It can be said that artificial intelligence began with the development of some different computer programs, especially chess programs, when the scientist Claude Shannon drew an algorithm that qualifies the computer to play chess and predict all the possibilities of the other player's movement.

 

 

 

Artificial intelligence features:

Artificial intelligence is a branch of information engineering that is concerned with creating intelligent machines and devices

Artificial intelligence simulates the human mind in performing some of its complex functions such as: learning, planning, speech discrimination, problem solving, and rational and logical thinking.

It is the science of inventing machines and computer programs

It is the ability of machines and digital computers to perform certain tasks that mimic and resemble those performed by intelligent beings. Artificial intelligence aims to reach intelligent systems that behave as humans do in terms of learning and understanding.

Artificial intelligence enters into many applications, including: smartphones, computers, cars, robots, drones, and simulations such as video games that are developed to be more realistic and applications that help language learning.

 

Manifestations of artificial intelligence:

The term "artificial intelligence" has become so widely used these days, that some have become afraid that it may mean the control of machines and the erosion of the role of humans, although the reality is still very far from approaching this perception, so what is artificial intelligence? What are its most prominent manifestations? Where did it develop?

Artificial intelligence is defined as the intelligence shown by machines and programs in a way that simulates human mental abilities and their patterns of work, such as the ability to learn, infer and react to situations that were not programmed in the machine. It is also the name of an academic field concerned with how to make computers and programs capable of intelligent behavior.

Senior researchers define artificial intelligence as “the study and design of intelligent systems that absorb their environment and take measures that increase their chances of success,” while John McCarthy - who coined this term in 1955 – defines it as “the science and engineering of making intelligent machines.”

In recent years, the development of artificial intelligence technology has made great leaps, and "deep learning" technology is its most prominent manifestation. It is based on the development of artificial neural networks that mimic the way they work in the way of the human brain, that is, they are able to experiment, learn and develop themselves without human intervention.

 

Deep learning technology has proven its ability to recognize images, understand speech and translate from one language to another.

 

Types of artificial intelligence:

Artificial intelligence is classified according to its capabilities:

 

1/Limited or Narrow Artificial Intelligence:

This type is the most common nowadays. It means artificial intelligence that performs specific and clear tasks, such as self-driving cars, speech or image recognition programs, and the game of chess on smart devices.

 

2/General artificial intelligence:

This type works with the ability to resemble humans in terms of thinking, as it focuses on making God able to think and plan on its own, and similar to human thinking, but so far there are no practical examples of this type, what is there are just research studies that need a lot of effort To turn it into reality, the artificial neural network method is one of the methods of studying general artificial intelligence, because it is concerned with producing a system of neural networks for a machine similar to the networks of the human body.

 

3/Super artificial intelligence:

It is the type that exceeds the level of humans so that it can perform tasks better than what a specialized person does, and it has many characteristics such as the ability to learn, plan, communicate automatically, and make judgments, but it is still conceptualized and does not exist in our time.

 

 

 

Artificial intelligence rankings by job:

 

Interactive: 1/machines

 This type is the simplest type of artificial intelligence, because it interacts with experiences, but it lacks the ability to learn from past

experiences, such as Google's AiphaGo system.

2/Limited memory:

This type can store data from previous experiences for a limited period of time, and the best examples of this system are "self-driving"

3/Theory of mind:

This type of intelligence is concerned with the machine's understanding of human feelings, interaction with and communication with people, and there are currently no applications for this type.

4/Self-awareness:

The future expectations of artificial intelligence seek to reach this type of intelligence so that machines have self-awareness and special feelings, which makes them more intelligent than the human being. 

5/Machine learning:

One of the subfields of artificial intelligence, where the computer becomes able to learn on its own from previous experiences and becomes able to predict and make the appropriate decision

   

Artificial intelligence applications:

 

 Interact with the visual system

 It means artificial intelligence applications that interpret and analyze the images entered into them, such as facial recognition programs and image analysis to identify the location.

2/ Interact with handwriting:

Such as applications to recognize handwritten font, whether it is a process of writing on paper or on the screen of the device itself.

3/ Smart robots:

They do the work that humans do, and are characterized by their ability to sense surrounding factors such as light, heat, sound and movement, through special sensors, and the most important characteristic of these robots is that they are able to learn from their previous experiences and take advantage of mistakes.

4/ Interact with the spoken voice:

Some applications of artificial intelligence are used to listen to speech and understand its meanings, even if the voice is in an atmosphere of noise, or spoken in slang, or street language. Examples of applications include:

 

(1) _ Siri app:

It is a voice service that allows the user to interact with the phone through voice commands only. It works on (Apple) devices, where it converts voice into words, and searches for them on the Internet to meet the requests of its users.

(2) _ Amazon website:

Artificial intelligence identifies the goods that interest the consumer and suggests them to him through computer learning the patterns that the consumer follows, when searching or browsing, and thanks to this program, the site’s sales have increased, with more than a third of its sales coming from these recommendations. Amazon has been using artificial intelligence technology for more than 20 years.

(3) Netflix:

The Netflix platform provides suggestions to the viewer based on his knowledge of what he prefers and likes, thanks to the artificial intelligence.

(4) _ Electronic games:

Electronic games have become widespread and every day a new game is invented or an old game is developed using artificial intelligence systems, as these games require strategic thinking such as poker and chess.

(5) _ Social networking sites:

 

Social networks use artificial intelligence applications such as Facebook to detect the intrusion of user photos.

 

 

Pros of artificial intelligence:

 _1 Lack of emotions Artificial intelligence systems are characterized by a complete lack of emotions, unlike humans, which affects his performance and his decision-making, as these systems work according to a logical way of thinking that takes its decision objectively and in a short time.

 

2- Work continuously: the machine can work continuously without effort or fatigue and its production capacity is constant, regardless of the working conditions, unlike the human being who is greatly affected by it.

 

_ Facilitating daily life: Artificial intelligence has provided many applications that have facilitated life, including the “smart phone”

 

_ Repetitive work: AI systems can be used for work that is repetitive, that is, it requires the same work mechanism every time.

 

 Medical care: Artificial intelligence systems provide medical care to humans through surgery simulators, applications that help detect neurological disorders, and applications of radiosurgery that help in eradicating tumors without harming the surrounding healthy tissues.

 

_Huge amount of data: AI systems can handle, process and store a huge amount of data.

 

_ Accuracy: AI systems provide high accuracy and reduce the margin of error while executing tasks.

 

_ Difficult jobs: They use AI systems to do difficult jobs that they are unable to accomplish, such as excavation and exploration of hard-to-reach places such as the ocean floor.  

 

The importance of artificial intelligence:

In the medical field: such as predicting ICU transfers, where AI systems are used to refer patients to the care unit, by guiding doctors to the starting point of treatment, AI systems use patients' medical records, laboratory results and vital signs. Its systems are also used to narrow the circle of laboratory tests that the patient may need and to improve the clinical workflow in predicting hospital-acquired diseases.

 

In the field of business: artificial intelligence enhances the capabilities and capabilities of companies, as it increases business efficiency, speed of implementation, and the number of interacting with these businesses through the development of tools and software related to them.

    

The future of artificial intelligence:

Scientists seek to develop more artificial intelligence systems in the future to make life easier, so they started with smart phones and cars to reach in the future homes powered by the smart system.

future visions:

Entertainment, it is possible for a person to watch a movie that he chooses his actors

The future artificial intelligence systems will be able to protect the personal data of individuals from theft and hacking.

AI systems can be able to take care of children or the elderly, perform household chores, and even dangerous tasks such as firefighting and demining.

It is possible to reach fully self-driving cars, by leaving the car to artificial intelligence systems.

 

Disadvantages of artificial intelligence systems:

1/The costs of designing and implementing industrial systems until their maintenance are very high

2/Artificial intelligence systems are not aware of human values and ethics, they only implement what they are designed for without looking at what is right and wrong.

3/Artificial intelligence systems cannot change their system on their own if they receive the same data every time.

4/Its inability to innovate, be creative and respond to changes in the work environment.

5/Reliance on artificial intelligence systems has led to the laying off of many workers.

    

Will artificial intelligence reach the human level one day?

 

No one can deny the tremendous progress that this system has reached, and despite the great development in computer processing speed and memory capacity, there are no programs or systems that match the human mind and its flexibility to date, but no one if the day will come and inventions will reach the level of human intelligence .


Hassan Barbour